Analyzing and Selecting Protective Actions

Discussion 1

Emergency Operations Centers

Competencies Addressed in This Discussion

Competency 2: Explain the role of emergency planning within the emergency management field.

Competency 3: Specify evaluation techniques for emergency management response effectiveness.

Competency 4: Correlate appropriate emergency management response to hazards and threats.

Introduction

An emergency operations center (EOC) is a central control facility that carries out the principles and plans for emergency preparedness and disaster management. The EOC functions at a strategic level in an emergency situation. The EOC is run by an emergency manager (EM) and the EOC interacts with incident commanders (ICs) who are in the field.

The position of the emergency manager (EM) is well respected by the community. In order to be effective, the EM should have a good understanding of why and how to respond to various disasters. Therefore, as you saw earlier, planning is critical to response and recovery from any disaster.

Instructions

In this discussion you will compare two separate EOCs, one in your own region and one from anywhere else in the United States. This discussion should provide invaluable information regarding the activation, operation, and response of an EOC and will provide you a deeper understanding of the enormous tasks of an emergency manager.

In your main post:

Compare two separate state EOCs by describing the responsibilities of EMs when interacting with the EOCs. For example, is the EM responsible for authorizing the activation of each of the EOCs?

Explain how each EOC responds to a critical incident.

Describe differences between two EOCs in terms of how EM coordinate efforts of responding organizations.

Your post should demonstrate critical thinking. For example you might use the SWOT approach and consider the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats for each of the topics. Be sure to cite any references you use in your post.

Discussion Objectives

The competencies addressed in this discussion are supported by discussion objectives, as follows

Competency 2: Explain the role of emergency planning within the emergency management field.

oCompare differences between two EOCs in terms of the responsibilities of emergency managers when interacting with emergency operations centers.

Competency 3: Specify evaluation techniques for emergency management response effectiveness.

oExplain differences between two EOCs in terms of how an EOC responds to a critical incident.

Competency 4: Correlate appropriate emergency management response to hazards and threats.

oDescribe differences between two EOCs in terms of how EMs coordinate efforts of responding organizations.

Discussion 2

Contraflow or Reverse Traffic Patterns

Competencies Addressed in This Discussion

Competency 2: Explain the role of emergency planning within the emergency management field.

Competency 4: Correlate appropriate emergency management response to hazards and threats.

Introduction

During major disasters, the emergency manager is faced with evacuating an enormous number of citizens from the affected area. With this responsibility, many have EMs and law enforcement executives thought that a reverse traffic pattern is one of the most effective means for addressing the immediacy of the need for a safe operation.

In your Emergency Planning text, you read about evacuation management considerations. In this discussion, you will discuss some concerns regarding reverse traffic patterns, or contraflow.

There are several readings in this unit’s study that will provide a picture of just what contraflow is and how it has been used in various disaster responses. Naturally, the planning for such an evacuation technique grows in complexity with increasing numbers of people involved in the evacuation.

Instructions

In your main post:

Describe the advantages and disadvantages to reverse, or contraflow, traffic patterns during an evacuation.

Explain how an emergency manager would implement this process.

Create safety guidelines that should be issued through the media for guidance to first responders and citizens who are affected by the evacuation.

Your post should demonstrate your critical thinking skills, using your resources, and your professional and personal experiences. Any resources including, but not limited to journals, magazines, and books, must be cited.

Discussion Objectives

The competencies addressed in this discussion are supported by these discussion objectives:

Competency 2: Explain the role of emergency planning within the emergency management field.

oSummarize how an emergency manager would implement the process of using reverse traffic patterns during an evacuation.

Competency 4: Correlate appropriate emergency management response to hazards and threats.

oDescribe the advantages and disadvantages to reverse or contraflow traffic patterns during an evacuation.

oCreate safety guidelines that should be issued through the media for guidance to first responders, and citizens who are affected by the evacuation.

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