People generally do not question the value of medical diagnosis; however, in the field of clinical psychology, some people worry that getting a diagnosis could do them harm. This explains the tendency for some people to argue against using clinical labels, preferring instead to use phrases such as “a person with anxiety” rather than “an anxious person.”
Based on your understanding of the topic, answer the following questions:
- Is it better to use clinical labels (e.g., an anxious person) or phrases (e.g., a person with anxiety)? Which approach is preferable? Why or why not? Why are diagnosis viewed differently in the two fields (i.e., the medical field and the clinical psychology field? Discuss.
- Based upon Freud’s theory, describe the differences between anxiety, fear, phobia, and panic.
- Identify and explain ways by which Freud’s theory has influenced the environment around us (e.g., the fields of arts, media, and education). Be specific.