Percentage of Final Grade
Required Texts to Needed to Write This Essay:
- Read Chapters 1, 4, 5, and 9 of Barbarian Days by William Finnegan.
- Your own research articles and sources on Duke Kahanamoku aside from our textbook The World in the Curl.
Research Paper Structure
Instructions: Break your essay into the following sections, each of which is a mini-essay. Skip a line between sections. You will need to decide where to divide paragraphs within each section. No section should look like one long paragraph.
Each section shall be a mini-essay with
· its own title,
· introduction paragraph that ends in a thesis,
· body paragraphs that each start with a topic sentence and end with a concluding sentencing
· body paragraphs that contain correctly cited information from research sources
· a conclusion paragraph.
A. Introduction: Surfing as a Lifestyle (2-3 pages)
B. Section One: Facing Racism (3 pages)
C. Section Two: Relationships with Women (2 pages)
D. Section Three: On the Popularization of Surfing (3 pages)
E. Works Cited Page (1-2 pages)
Introduction: Surfing as a Lifestyle (2-3 pages) Compare and / or contrast the ways in which surfing was more than just a sport for William Finnegan and Duke Kahanamoku.
Section One: Facing Racism (3 pages) Compare and / or contrast the degree and kinds of racial prejudice William Finnegan and Duke Kahanamoku faced and how they coped with it.
Section Two: Relationships with Women (2 pages) Compare and / or contrast William Finnegan and Duke Kahanamoku’s relationships with women in their surfing travels.
Section Three: On the Popularization of Surfing (3 pages) Compare and / or contrast William Finnegan and Duke Kahanamoku’s attitudes towards and role in the popularization of surfing in their lifetimes as it becomes more accessible to people of all ages and levels worldwide.
Works Cited Page (1-2 pages)
- Use of Research Materials:
Support your research paper with a discussion of quotations from your library source material.
*You are highly encouraged to use GCC library online databases or traditional books / journals from the GCC library rather than general web research (from sites such as Google).
It is necessary to research existing scholarship on your topic in order to show that you are a responsible researcher. With this in mind, use the existing research sources to either 1) clarify or verify your own position, 2) provide evidence for a counterargument, or 3) show that your paper is valuable because not enough work has been done on your essay topic.
III. Individual Section Mini-Essay Organization Tips
1) Thesis formation: The thesis should subdivide into the same number of points as your total number of body paragraphs. If you have two body paragraphs, your thesis would subdivide into two points. Thesis needs to be the last sentence of your introduction. The thesis should fully answer the essay question. It should also be specific, concise, and arguable.
2) Body Paragraph Organization and Unity: Each body paragraph should discussion one idea that supports the thesis; in other words, body paragraphs should not repeat ideas from previous paragraphs and should not contain more than one main idea.
3) Topic Sentences: Each body paragraph must begin with a topic sentence that tells the reader which thesis idea that paragraph will be about.
4) Concluding Sentences: Each body paragraph should end with a concluding sentence that restates topic sentence main ideas and adds supportive reasoning. The goal is to summarize the main examples you covered in that body paragraph.
5) Quotations: You will need to support any assertions you make with a discussion of quotations from the texts assigned. All quotations should have an introductory phrase and should use the following MLA format: Westwick and Neushul write, “XX” (24).
6) Quotation Analysis: All quotations should be followed by 4-5 or more sentences that provide a detailed explanation of how the quotation supports your body paragraph’s main idea.
7) Section Titles: Divided into two parts separated by a colon. Centered. Double-spaced like your heading and the rest of your paper. Capitalize all key words. Should be a fragment. Not underlined or in boldface. No period at the end of the title. Your title should not just copy the title of this essay prompt or the title of the readings. Example:
Section Topic: Your Two Thesis Ideas
8) Conclusion: A place for you to summarize your thesis and add any last reflections on your topic. Should be no longer than half of a page.
9) Essay formatting: Use MLA format. For help, see Purdue University OWL website and click on the MLA section.